When you are just starting out as a farmer, there are a number of things you need to know. You will need to know exactly what crops you want to farm and which will suit your land. You should also know what equipment will best suit the type of farming you will be doing.
Start out by looking for tractors for sale in South Africa that will suit both crop and livestock farming. You can then move on to looking at other equipment, such as a horizontal feed mixer or grader, depending on what type of farm you will be running. Still not sure where to start? Below is some advice on what equipment you will need as a beginner farmer.
Machines to work the soil
As a farmer, you will be working on the soil on a regular basis. This means that you will need equipment that can make the process easier. You should look for tractors available for sale in South Africa that can take attachments for tilling the land and gathering hay.
The attachments you might need to look into for working your soil tillers, a grader, and hay balers. If you will be working with animals, you could also look into a manure spreader attachment. Be sure to look for attachments that are adjustable, as you will notice that the soil will vary from field to field. The level of moisture and the density of the soil will affect your tilling and ploughing, meaning that your equipment will need to be fully adjustable in order to get maximum use.
Equipment to help you seed and plant
When the planting season comes around, you will need a machine to help you plant your seeds. This is often known as a “seeder” or “planter” and is vital for those who farm crops. There is a diverse variety to choose from when it comes to seeders in terms of how these machines plant the seeds.
Some seeders use plates, others use tubes, while others still use spoons. Do not be confused by this as it is simply the terminology used to describe the attachments on the equipment. If you are only planting on a small piece of land, you might think that it will be easier to simply plant by hand. While this is noble, it is also highly time-consuming. You should rather look for a compact planter that is fuel-efficient so you will save both time and money.
Helpful harvesting equipment
After planting season comes harvesting season. And this is when you will need to have the equipment to help you out. Most modern harvesting equipment has become larger and more powerful compared to older models, which means that harvesting your crops will be quicker and easier.
If you have a tight budget, you could opt for an “all-purpose” harvester for a variety of crops. It will cost less and allow you to harvest more than one type of crop if you practice crop rotation. Be sure to keep your harvester in peak condition as it is what you will use to bring in your crops, which are what will make you money. Keep it clean and rust free at all times of the year.
If you are going to be farming livestock, you will need to have the right equipment. This includes feeders, water tanks, shelter and transport. A horizontal feed mixer is an ideal choice as it allows you to create a perfectly combined feed ration for your cattle, sheep or pigs.
Your animal’s shelter should offer them respite from all forms of weather but should not allow moisture and damp to accumulate. This will cause damage to their lungs, skin and hooves. In order to carry your animals easily from one area of your farm to another, a livestock trailer is essential. Buckets and racks for feed are also essential pieces of equipment for feeding your livestock and fencing should be at the top of your priority list for caring for your animals.
Equipment for irrigation
Irrigation equipment is vital for the smooth running of any farm. You will need to have a way to water your crops effectively, but you should also look for more eco-friendly techniques. For example, you could look into drip irrigation for a more biodynamic approach.
Or you could go the high-tech route and invest in a drone to help you locate the areas that need the most irrigation on your farm. Look for machines that will help you to dig drainage trenches on your land to help with the run-off and install irrigation sprayers that are on timers. This way they will only irrigate at certain times of day (or night) and will help you to save water, time and effort.